Ancient Hawaiian Farmers Offer Lessons in Sustainability

Limahuli Garden and Preserve is set in a verdant tropical valley on the north shore of the Hawaiian Island of Kaua`i. Against a backdrop of majestic Mt. Makana, the garden overlooks the Pacific Ocean. Photo: Courtesy National Tropical Botanical Garden.

Limahuli Garden and Preserve is set in a verdant tropical valley on the north shore of the Hawaiian Island of Kaua`i. Against a backdrop of majestic Mt. Makana, the garden overlooks the Pacific Ocean. Photo: Courtesy National Tropical Botanical Garden.

HONOLULU, HAWAII —By Heidi Chang, Voice of America, Sept. 1, 2016

Our “Planet at the Crossroads” is the focus this week, as government officials, environmental activists, business leaders and other delegates from nearly 200 countries gather in Honolulu for the World Conservation Congress. Held every four years, the conference – sponsored by the International Union for Conservation of Nature – helps shape the direction of global conservation and sustainable development. This is the first time the eco-summit is being held in the U.S. Organizers say one of the reasons the Aloha State was chosen to host the conference is because it’s been a model for incorporating indigenous culture into its conservation initiatives.  A shining example of this is Limahuli Garden and Preserve on the island of Kauai. Heidi Chang takes us there.

Listen to the story: (3:18)

      Ancient Hawaiian Farmers Offer Lessons in Sustainability

 

View story on Voice of America

Kawika Winter enjoys introducing people to one of Hawaii’s natural treasures through guided tours.  He’s been director of Limahuli Garden and Preserve on the island of Kauai for more than a decade.

“When you first come into the valley, you see all these terraces that are remnants of the ancient agricultural complex that dates back almost a thousand years. So the original inhabitants of this valley built these walls and left them to be able to grow taro on the land,” says Winter, pointing to the evidence of successful, sustainable farming in valley.

Kawika Winter gives a tour of the garden to a group of environmental journalists. Photo: Courtesy of the National Tropical Botanical Garden

Kawika Winter gives a tour of the garden to a group of environmental journalists. Photo: Courtesy of the National Tropical Botanical Garden.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Exploring the verdant tropical valley makes you feel like you’re stepping back in time. Winter notes while most of Hawaii’s food is now imported, once upon a time, valleys like this one nourished the whole community.

“If you’re to take the time to walk through the jungle over here, you’d find terrace after terrace after terrace, all the way down to the ocean. So this valley was definitely feeding a lot of people in the old days.” In fact, its name – Limahuli – in Hawaiian, means turning hands, and Winter says it might refer to the people who once turned their hands here to work the earth.

Ancient land management system

Limahuli Garden and Preserve is one of four gardens in Hawaii run by the National Tropical Botanical Garden. Winter says it’s also one of the few places in the state where people can learn how to manage resources based on the ancient Hawaiian ahupua`a system. He explains, “An ahupua’a is basically a land section that extends from the top of the mountains, out into the ocean and it’s within the borders of an ahupua’a that Hawaiian communities were developed and managed.”

Artist's depiction of what the area around Limahuli must have looked like many years ago. Courtesy National Tropical Botanical Garden.

Artist’s depiction of what the area around Limahuli must have looked like many years ago. Courtesy National Tropical Botanical Garden.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Today, Hawaii is the endangered species capital of the U.S. Winter says Limahuli plays a leading role in saving native species with its approach to bicultural conservation.

“There’s upwards of 40 species that are on the verge of extinction that exist in our valley. And we’re working to do ecological restoration to prevent extinction of this precious biodiversity that exists in this valley,” Winter says. “Some of the species are only existing in this valley, and some of them are down to a few individuals in the wild.”

Lessons for sustainability

The Hawaii botanist says he hopes that by coming to Limahuli, visitors will learn some valuable lessons from the ancient Hawaiians who worked this land: whatever you do on the land affects the life and ecosystem of the ocean, and that fresh water is the secret to everything. These days, Limahuli Stream remains one of the last pristine waterways left in the Islands.

Limahuli Stream is one of the few pristine waterways left in the Hawaiian Islands. Photo: Courtesy National Tropical Botanical Garden.

Limahuli Stream is one of the few pristine waterways left in the Hawaiian Islands. Photo: Courtesy National Tropical Botanical Garden.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

At more than 1,000 workshops and panel discussions, delegates to the World Conservation Congress are focusing on the theme of our planet at the crossroads, with topics ranging from species recovery and eco-tourism, to indigenous peoples and megacities and watersheds.

Kawika Winter believes Limahuli Garden and Preserve can show the world how to care for the planet. “You know a lot of us in Hawaii are trying to move towards a more sustainable lifestyle. It’s really big buzzword now, sustainability. But from our perspective, instead of reinventing the wheel, all we need to do is look back to a system that worked in Hawaii for at least a millennium and quite possibly more. And our hope is that we can be a model of sustainability and we can show that the ahupua’a system can offer viable solutions to our contemporary issues regarding sustainability in Hawaii and the globe.”

Kalo (Taro) growing in Limahuli Garden | Photo © Heidi Chang

Kalo (Taro) growing in Limahuli Garden | Photo © Heidi Chang

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Related

‘Rock Star’ Botanist Rappels Down Cliffs to Save Hawaii’s Rarest Plants

Be Sociable, Share!

Comments are closed.

Copyright © 2018 Heidi Chang. Icons by Wefunction. Designed by Woo Themes